Two-color phyllomedusa (Latin Phyllomedusa bicolor)

Two-color phyllomedusa is a tailless amphibian with mysterious properties. For what the inhabitants of the adjacent territories to the Amazon basin were revered and feared its special natural capabilities, we will talk in the article.

Description of two-color phyllomedusa

Phyllomedusa is two-colored - the largest representative of the phylomedusa genus, hence its second name - giant. She is a native of the rainforests of the Amazon, Brazil, Colombia and Peru. These animals live high on trees located in windless places. In order to prevent dehydration in dry times, they secrete the skin by carefully distributing a certain secretion over its entire surface.

Unlike most frogs, two-color phyllomeduses can grab objects with their hands and feet, and instead of jumping, they can imposingly climb from branch to branch, like monkeys. They lead a nocturnal lifestyle, and during the day they sleep on thin branches, like parrots, peacefully curled up.

Two-color phyllomedusa frogs belong to the genus Chakskaya, better known as leaf frogs (because during sleep they look like a leaf, this kind allows you to perfectly mask in the foliage).

Appearance, dimensions

Giant wax monkeys frogs, they are also two-colored phyllomedusa - large amphibians with a beautiful lemon-green back color. The ventral side is whitish-cream with a series of bright white spots outlined in black. We add to the image huge, silver eyes with vertical sections of the pupil and the appearance of the animal acquires specific notes of something otherworldly. Over the eyes are pronounced glands.

The most bizarre feature of the two-color phyllomedusa is its long, almost human, paws, which have lime-green spots on the tips of the fingers.

The frog is "formidable" in size, reaches a length of 93-103 millimeters in males, and 110-120 millimeters in females.

During the day, the predominant color tone is soft green, with spots framed by dark edges scattered randomly throughout the body, legs, and even the corners of the eyes. The abdominal region is brownish-white in adults and white in young animals. At night, the color of the animal takes on a bronze hue.

Large, disc-shaped pads on the fingers give these frogs even more uniqueness. It is these pads that help the animal in the process of moving through the trees, giving great strength when squeezing and sucking.

Lifestyle, behavior

These frogs are mostly nocturnal, and also like to "chat". Singles are considered particularly vocal active - free males. Therefore, if you want to have a silent pet, it is better to abandon the idea of ​​buying phyllomedusa. They spend most of their lives in trees. Twilight and nightlife allows the animal to be more secure. The movements of the two-color phyllomedusa are unhurried, smooth, similar to the movement of a chameleon. Unlike ordinary tree frogs, they never jump. They can also grab objects with their hands and feet.

Two-color phyllomedusa venom

The secret produced by the glands located above the frog’s eyes serves the animal as a natural lotion. It contains hundreds of bioactive substances that help fight infection and pain.

As for use for humans - opinions differ. Amazonian tribes consider the two-color phyllomedusa a truly sacred animal. Beliefs say that if a person is overcome by longing, a life course and optimism are lost - he needs unity with nature. For such purposes, special shamans conduct a cult rite. For him, several small burns are applied to the body of the “subject”, after which a small amount of poison is applied to them.

The poisonous secret itself is pretty easy to get. The frog is stretched for the extremities in all directions, after which they spit on her back. Such a simple ritual helps to bring her out of a state of balance and make her defend herself.

As a result of skin contact with the poison, supposedly, a person experiences hallucinations against the background of a general cleansing of the body, after which there is a significant surge of strength and elation.

So how is it really?

The substances contained in the secret do not possess hallucinogenic properties. However, it has enough components that have an emetic and laxative effect. Also, substances that allow you to change the qualitative composition of blood vessels, namely, to narrow and expand them. As a result, we have an increase, which is sharply replaced by a decrease in body temperature, short-term fainting and changes in blood pressure are possible. After this stage, the time of action of vomiting and laxatives comes, as a result of which a powerful cleansing of the body from impurities occurs.

Assuming theoretically that insufficiently processed food of people living in these tribes and unsanitary conditions could contribute to infection with various types of parasites, after which contact with frog venom acted as a cleanser. In this case, in fact - a cured person could feel a surge of strength and energy.

At the moment, many pharmaceutical companies are studying the effects of Kambo poison, there are even rumors about the development of anticancer and anti-AIDS drugs, but no effective samples have yet been obtained. But such fame played a cruel joke with the frogs themselves. In a desire to sell poison, poachers catch them in large numbers. Local shamans sell two-tone phyllomedusa as a cure for various diseases.

Habitat, habitat

Two-tone phyllomedusa is a native of the rainforests of the Amazon, Brazil, Colombia and Peru.

She lives high in dry, windless areas. Two-color phyllomedusa - a species that lives on trees. A special structure of legs and elongated fingers with suction cups at their fingertips helps them live a tree life.

Bicolor phyllomedusa diet

The frog diet consists of small larvae, caterpillars and insects. Two-color phyllomedusa, unlike many other relatives, grabs food with its paw, slowly sending it to its mouth.

Breeding and offspring

As soon as the breeding season arrives, the males hang from the trees and emit sounds that call the potential female to create a pair. Next, the newly made family builds a nest of leaves, into which the female lays eggs.

The breeding season is in the rainy season, between November and May. The nests are located above water bodies - near puddles or a pond. Females lay from 600 to 1200 eggs in the form of a gelatinous mass in the form of a cone, which is folded into a manufactured leafy nest. After 8-10 days after masonry, the grown tadpoles, freed from the shell, fall into the water, where they complete their further development.

Natural enemies

These frogs can be eaten by some birds of prey and tree snakes. The only mechanism for protecting phyllomedusa from them is disguise, the ability to sleep during the day as a leaf of a tree. Also, some species of snakes destroy eggs with future offspring.

Population and species status

The giant monkey frog, she is also a two-colored phyllomedusa, is known for its secretions from the skin. Shamans in the Amazon rainforest used this species in hunting rituals. Like other amphibians from around the world, this frog is threatened by climate change and habitat loss. According to official IUCN data, the animal is ranked among the least worrisome, since in spite of mass capture, they have a high reproduction rate.

Watch the video: We Tried Kambo, the Frog Poison Cleanse, and Aged 50 Years (February 2020).

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