Spider tarantula. Description, features and habitat of the tarantula spider

Tarantula Spider - Exotic Pet

Due to the fact that more and more tarantula spider appears in the homes of lovers of exotic animals, interest in him is growing. Recognizable appearance and unpredictable character allows you to explore how it looks tarantula spider in the photo. These are large arthropods, whose body is covered with hard thick hairs.

Spider tarantula Theraphosinae

Tarantula color depends on the species, but more often they are brown or gray, however, there are species of spiders, the legs of which are painted in bright blue. Before molting, the spider acquires a dark saturated color, but fading, it turns pale again.

Females outnumber males. Adults reach up to 25 cm, taking into account the limbs. The largest of the subspecies is tarantula goliath Since 1965, it is listed in the book of records due to its impressive size. Together with the limbs it is 28 cm.

Spider tarantula goliath

With every new molt tarantula increases in size. Before molting, the spider refuses food for a long time. After molting, the legs of the spider become longer, and the abdomen decreases.

Tarantulas shed on their backs. Sometimes during molting a spider cannot release one or two limbs from the old "skin", then it discards them. But after 3-4 molting, the lost limbs are fully restored.

The life expectancy of tarantulas among experts is usually calculated not by years, but by the number of molts. Therefore, if as a pet chosen buy a tarantula spider it follows, focusing precisely on this indicator. At the beginning of life and subject to good nutrition, they molt quite often. Adult females molt no more than once a year.

Tarantula Spider Poecilotheria metallica

Although speaking of age, it is worth attributing female tarantulas to centenarians. On average, some live 20 years, but some individuals survive to 30. What can not be said about males. Usually they live no more than a year, and only champions can last up to 5 years.

Being a strict predator, this spider still does not live up to its name. They began to call him a tarantula thanks to the engraving of the German researcher Maria Sibylla Merian, who depicted a spider eating a hummingbird.

In nature, tarantulas do not weave cobwebs in order to obtain food. They patiently wait for the victim, and then quickly attack it. In the same way they hunt and domestic tarantulas. It is not recommended to feed them with meat, this can provoke an animal disease.

Willingly tarantulas eat marble cockroaches, zoobus larvae, bloodworms, small frogs, locusts and grasshoppers. It is important that the food does not exceed the spider in size. Optimally, when the food is half the tarantula, otherwise the spider does not dare to touch it.

Black tarantula spider

Injecting poison, the spider paralyzes the prey. He braids an immobilized insect with cobwebs and through the bite lets gastric juice into it. After some time, the softened insides are gradually sucked out by the spider. The process of how to eat will help to consider tarantula spider on video. A somewhat ominous sight is bewitching.

Place of residence of tarantulas

Specialists distinguish more than 700 varieties of these spiders. But the main types of tarantulas distinguished according to their place of residence. The conditions of his life in the terrarium depend on what species the spider belongs to.

Terrestrial tarantulas are more common in the tropical forests of South America and Asia, but sometimes they can also be found in hot European countries. These spiders can dig holes in moist soil, wrapping them in cobwebs. This feature should be taken into account when organizing a terrarium for such tarantulas.

Burrowing tarantulas prefer the humid climate of Australia and New Zealand or arid Africa. For housing, choose abandoned burrows of small rodents or dig their own shelters. Leave their home extremely rarely and only at night. For this reason, this tarantula is a particularly valuable photo trophy, since it is very difficult to make a photo.

Going out for hunting or for mating, the rest of the time burrowing tarantulas feel fine in their shelter. This species is of little interest for keeping at home, since it will not be possible to observe it regularly.

But if nevertheless the choice fell on him, then the substrate, most often it is crushed coconut bark, should be poured in such a layer that domestic tarantula I was able to build a pretty deep mink. And it should be fed at night, so as not to disrupt the natural biorhythms of the arthropod.

In Asia and America, tree species tarantulas choose moist forests for living. African tree spiders live beautifully on trees in arid areas. It is worth mentioning that only adult individuals settle on the trees, while young people lead a land-based lifestyle.

When organizing a terrarium for spiders of this species, in addition to a small layer of the substrate, it is necessary to bring in various branches or driftwood. These conditions will be realized in a vertical terrarium, the width of which is 2 times the size of the spider.

Is it worth it to be afraid of tarantulas?

The bite of this large spider is fatal for small rodents. There are cases when domestic cats died from a bite of a tarantula. It is logical to assume that they can cause significant harm to the health of the child.

Females are especially aggressive in the active phase of motherhood. But sometimes it is also impossible to predict the reaction of a spider to completely harmless and familiar actions. Therefore, it is not recommended to take it with your hands. Before he appears in the house buy a tarantula you need not only a terrarium, but also a long tweezers for various manipulations with a spider.

The toxicity of the tarantula venom depends on its variety. For an adult, a tarantula bite is not more dangerous than a wasp bite. The same burning pain and slight swelling. But in especially difficult cases, the consequences of toxic poisoning can manifest themselves in the form of loss of consciousness, fever, vomiting, and even delirious state.

In addition to bites, a potential threat is the villi that cover the body of the spider. Paws quickly pulls villi from the surface of the abdomen under stress tarantula video demonstrates how this happens.

Getting on the skin, toxins can cause burns and allergic reactions. The contact of the villi with the eyes causes an active burning sensation that does not go away for several hours, and sometimes days.

Sometimes it even became a cause of visual impairment forever. If the potential threat to health does not scare the future owner, and the exotic appearance of the tarantula is not alarming, then you can safely get such a pet.

Watch the video: 7 Goliath Birdeater Tarantula Facts. Pet Tarantulas (April 2020).

Leave Your Comment