Description and features of the hummingbird bird
Hummingbird - This is not only the smallest birds on our huge planet, but also a magnificent decoration of our nature. Their brightly colored feathers and a special disposition make these miniature creatures attractive.
There are more than 300 species of hummingbirds that have slight differences. Among such a multitude there are record holders - the smallest hummingbird birds. Sometimes these birds resemble more butterflies or some kind of insects because of their tiny size. Hummingbird birds have a weight of only 2 grams !!!
This species is the tiniest and most unique. These amazing birds, the sizes are more similar to a bumblebee, have an amazing color. The feathers are green above, but below they are white, and the sun shines very beautifully. On average, the weight of a hummingbird bird hummingbird is approximately 20 grams.
The size of the hummingbird is also small, they range from 7 centimeters to 22, this is the length of the bird from the tip of the beak to the tip of the tail. In the largest hummingbirds, the feathers on top are brown with a green tint, and below the feathers are red-brown, and the over-tail is gray-yellow.
The coloring of the bird itself often depends not only on the color in which nature painted the feathers, but also on the angle of view and the direction of the rays of light. Very often, the color can change and shimmer with all colors, somewhat reminiscent of the overflow of color on the edges of precious stones.
It should be noted that the color scheme of males is much richer and much brighter, the fairer sex clearly lose in this comparison. Wonderful poems are written about the unprecedented beauty of the bird:
"In the thicket of the forest, in the midst of darkness,
The dawn beam trembled.
There is a hummingbird, a spark-bird
Like a little fire. "
Here is another example of a literary poetic description of this wonderful bird:
Between the colors tirelessly -
She takes scented baths.
And plenty of aroma and light
She will fly away with a multi-colored rocket. "
Photo of hummingbird bird complete the unusual look. Truly gorgeous tiny birds, breathtaking in their sight. Hummingbirds have an unusual long thin beak, usually the upper half of the beak slightly covers the lower part along the edges. The tongue of small birds is long and forked, they are able to significantly push the tongue out of the mouth.
The wings of these little birds are long and sharp. They usually have 10, but sometimes there are species with 9, large fly feathers and only six short small feathers, which are almost completely hidden under coverts.
Hummingbirds very often flap their wings, they do it so fast that it’s even impossible to see it, only the shadow of movement is visible. They make about 50 strokes in one second, this is when the bird freezes in the air. But this is not the limit of their speed, in flight at maximum speed the bird can do 200 strokes.
Listen to hummingbird's voice//givotniymir.ru/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Voice-birds- hummingbirds.mp3
The flight speed of these "crumbs" also has record levels among birds and is over 100 kilometers per hour. Fly unique hummingbird birds can in all directions: down, up, sideways, forward and even backward.
In the air they are able to perform real aerobatics and do it so quickly that it is very difficult to keep track of their movement, a bright spot just flickers before your eyes. The movement of the bird is accompanied by a characteristic buzzing that occurs as a result of the friction of the feathers against the air.
With such physical exertion, the heart of the bird works at high speed, in a calm state it makes about 500 beats, and during physical exertion, for example, high-speed flight, this indicator increases more than twice and can reach 1,500 beats per minute.
Hummingbird's paws are very small, thin and weak, with claws, which makes them unsuitable for walking, so the birds never sit on the ground, they spend their whole life in flight. Hence, another unique ability of this species of birds is the ability to hang in the air.
At such moments, the wings describe the figure eight in the air, thus maintaining equilibrium and the hummingbird can remain motionless for a long time and "hang" in one place. Hummingbirds sleep like bats, falling into a state similar to suspended animation.
It is worth mentioning another unique feature of the organism of this bird - it's body temperature. While the hummingbird is moving, it is warm-blooded, the body temperature reaches 42 degrees, but in the dark, when birds sit on branches, the body temperature drops sharply to 17 degrees Celsius, so the bird just freezes and waits for dawn. Such numbness also occurs in case of lack of food, which is very dangerous and can end in death if you do not warm the bird and feed it during the time.
Hummingbird Character and Lifestyle
Hummingbirds are very unusual birds and this is manifested in absolutely everything. The behavior and nature of these birds is also unusual has a number of features. Hummingbirds are very mischievous, quick and perky, but at the same time they are very brave and even fearless. This is clearly seen during the chicks hatching, when hummingbirds can attack birds of a much larger size than they themselves and fight fearlessly and courageously.
Hummingbirds are egoist and solitary birds, although flocks of these birds can often be found, but in such a group, each representative is a bright personality. They do not always get along peacefully with each other and sometimes serious conflicts and disagreements arise.
Man poses no threat to small birds, so often they make nests near houses. Some lovers of beauty specially draw the attention of birds to their home and garden, planting their favorite hummingbird flowers and putting drinkers with syrup or honey dissolved in water.
Thus, hummingbirds become regular guests and fly with enviable regularity to the house. Sometimes they behave like pets. Catching this bird is a very difficult task.
Although buy hummingbird it is possible, but this makes no sense, since they themselves, under favorable conditions, are not averse to settling next to your house. Hummingbirds can sing, but this is more characteristic of the smallest hummingbird-bees, while other birds make a weak tweet.
These birds are widespread over a large territory; they can inhabit both mountains and plains, and in some cases deserts. Some species occupy a significant territory, while others occupy only a small area, such as the top of a mountain.
The largest number of hummingbirds live in the western hemisphere, the largest number of them recorded in the Amazon. It is a known fact that birds that live in temperate latitudes migrate to warmer regions in the winter, making long flights to hot countries.
Hummingbird breeding and longevity
Most often, hummingbird birds live no more than 9 years, but during this time they are able to fly very long distances in total, which is also a kind of record among other bird species. In captivity, these birds live less, although hummingbird price very high.
This is due to the fact that ensuring the proper conditions is very difficult. In captivity, birds feed exclusively on honey syrup. And for a full life, they need a varied diet, flowers and the ability to fly over long distances. The ambient temperature is also very important for them.
The care of the offspring lies with the females. These birds do not form pairs. To begin with, females weave nests, for this they use the best and softest plant and animal materials. The nest is made deep enough so that the female, sitting in it, as if hanging.
The nest is located on a branch, less often at a fork in the branches, sometimes attached to a rock. Hummingbirds lay 2 eggs each, very rarely there are cases when only one egg is in the nest. The egg itself in some species has a weight of only 2 grams.
Hummingbirds hatch eggs for about 15 days, less often this period is 19 days. Then, another 20-25 days, the chicks will live in the nest. Tiny hummingbirds are born without plumage and blind. Hummingbird mom brings nectar and pumps the beaks of the chicks.
The male does not take a special part in the upbringing and care of the chicks, however, some facts indicate that the pope nevertheless takes care and protects the territory from possible danger.
Hummingbird Bird Food
Hummingbird food is not very diverse. Previously, it was believed that the diet is exclusively floral nectar, but later it turned out that such an opinion was erroneous.
To get nectar from a flower, a hummingbird flies up to it at a close distance and hangs in the air next to it, then plunges its thin long beak into the flower and slightly opens it.
Sticking out its tubular tongue and swallowing hummingbirds, it sucks in nectar, which enters the digestive system of the bird, which in turn consists of the mouth, esophagus and intestines.
In addition to nectar, hummingbirds also eat small insects, which it produces on buds, plant leaves or found on the web. Hummingbird stomach is used to digest insects.
Hummingbirds need to absorb a large amount of food in order to be active and maintain body temperature, therefore, a day a bird eats food twice as much as its body weight, so they maintain their normal state. Digestion and metabolism in the body is very fast.