Features and habitat
Gustera fish is very common in freshwater, and many confuse it with bream. In many European ponds they have seen huster. There it is usually small, and only near Finland and in the Gulf of Ladoga do these fish reach rather large sizes. Huster was seen in the Gulf of Finland near St. Petersburg.
The Black and Caspian Seas are also places where the bream fish lives. In the rivers near the White Sea it is often noticed, the Northern Dvina is especially rich in these fish. Many are interested in what does a huster look like. It has certain differences from the bream, in particular, it has three simple rays in the upper fin, and also in the anal fin also three rays, and in addition to twenty branching ones.
A beautiful fish with silver eyes is slightly flattened on the sides, its fins are usually gray, red at the base. There are many varieties of husters, the appearance of which depends on the habitat, on age and nutrition. When winter comes, the hustler sank to the bottom. And there she goes in packs. With the onset of spring, it returns to its former habitat.
Character and lifestyle
The character of this creature is not very mobile, it can quite easily get along with a bream and similar fish. He likes warm water in ponds, while the current should not be strong. Can hide on a muddy bottom, which is overgrown with algae. Gustera in the photo very similar to other fish, however, it has its own differences. It is often found in the lower reaches of the rivers and goes to the bottom for wintering.
There, the fish lie under the stones, from where the fishermen pull them out. Up to thirty thousand pieces of this fish are sometimes pulled out of the Volga in winter. Gustera, according to many biologists, is not of particular value. Its specific gravity is not more than twenty percent of the total number of fish.
This fish is eaten by mollusks and algae, sometimes land plants. If the fish is young, then it feeds on zooplankton. In many ways, the power of the food depends on the season. In the spring, these fish gladly eat worms, and also maggot. If the fish is large, then it eats even large mollusks, such as viviparidae and zebra mussel.
Reproduction and longevity
At the end of May or even in June, spawning of husters begins. Males at this time appear small grain-shaped tubercles on the body, fins change color to red. At this time, Gustera goes to the bays with a lot of vegetation and spawns. This happens with noise. Most spawning occurs at night - from sunset to three or four in the morning.
Gustera fish becomes able to reproduce relatively early in the first year of life. At this time, it is small, the researchers write that no more than five inches in length. One female of this fish can bring up to 100 thousand eggs. Therefore, this fish got the name "Gustera", that it usually walks under water not alone, but in packs.
Often spawning of a bream occurs according to the same patterns as spawning of bream. At this time, the fish change color - they become bright silver, their fins become orange. Water at this time is just seething from the movements of the booster.
If you look at the fish of a female breeding farm at this time, you can see that she has portions of eggs that are hidden in her abdomen. They are of different colors. Larvae appear from the eggs, which are transparent, and at first they had suckers instead of mouths.
Dried gustera often sold in the Volga region, in everyday life it is called ram. The ear is often boiled from it. Usually fishermen catch it on a fishing rod. This event is successful in those places where there are a lot of hustlers. This fish is lured by bait such as a worm or a piece of salted herring. It’s best to catch it at night.
The hustler itself is often used by fishermen as bait for catching other large fish, such as catfish, pike, and perch. Fishermen love to catch the winter bream. Most often this is done with a fishing rod. For complementary foods, millet and oatmeal are used. As well as bloodworms and ground crackers. Night time is the most favorable for catching husters.
People cook a booster different ways. This is salting, drying, frying. Sun-dried gustera is especially popular. If salt, then salt should be kept for one week, and then washed and dried. The best option for preparing dried jerky is to do this in early spring, when there are no flies that can ruin everything.
Weight is usually about 400 grams. They call her differently. One common name is flat. There are also large specimens weighing about one kilogram. The meat of this fish is considered dietary, since its calorie content is 97 calories per 100 grams of product. Different useful substances are found in meat: these are fluorine, chromium and iron, sodium and potassium.
Many fishermen go fishing to catch the bream. They like to catch this fish and make it a snack for beer. It can be cooked, fried, cutlets are prepared from it and the ear is cooked. In the spring to catch a bream better with baits like maggot and bloodworms.
They make up for the lack of her body in protein. In the summer, it is best to use pearl barley as bait, because at this time there is enough protein feed. You can catch this fish simply on a bait of porridge, into which milk powder is sometimes added.
If fishing occurs at night, then a float with a luminous head is used. In warmer weather, it is best to catch the hype in the morning. This fish is often caught on the dough. It is best to mix it with cotton. Pieces of dough are hooked and lowered into the water.
It is best to catch the hosster on a warm sunny day, especially on the shallows. Nibble can weaken by noon. For winter, the hustler begins to prepare in August. Then she goes into flocks, and moves to the wintering places.
Now this fish is not so widespread, first of all, due to the negligent attitude of man to the environment. The destruction of the ozone layer occurs, and because of this, ultraviolet radiation kills fry. But now there are places where there are a lot of hustlers. Therefore, a good fisherman can always cope with this fish.