Scorpio animal. Scorpion lifestyle and habitat

Scorpio is a very interesting and unusual creature that leads an exclusively terrestrial lifestyle in areas with a hot climate. Many often in relation to him, such questions may arise: a scorpion is an insect or animal, where does he live, what eats, and how does it breed. We will answer them in our article.

Scorpion features and habitat

Scorpio belongs to to animals arthropod order and class arachnids. It is distinguished by its rather frightening appearance and speed of movement, and the females and males are similar in appearance.

IN description appearance scorpion it should be noted that his body consists of a cephalothorax and an elongated segmented abdomen. The cephalothorax has a trapezoidal shape, on which there are claws of impressive size, which serve to grab prey.

Also in the lower part of this part of the body (in the area of ​​the mouth) there is a pair of tentacles, which have become vestiges, performing the function of the jaw organs - mandibles. The abdomen, in turn, contains outgrowths and four pairs of legs.

These outgrowths, with the help of hairs located on them, are organs of touch. Various vibrations are captured by the hairs, which provide the animal with information about the area or the proximity of the victim.

The limbs are attached to the bottom of the abdomen and allow the creature to develop a very high speed when moving in areas with obstacles, in the form of quicksand in the desert or stones in the mountains.

The last segment of this part of the body of the scorpion ends in a relatively small pear-shaped segment-capsule containing glands that produce poison. At the end of this capsule is a sharp needle, with which this creature injects poison into the victim’s body.

The body of the scorpion is covered with a very durable chitinous shell, so it has almost no enemies that can harm it. In addition, it contains a substance that can glow when exposed to ultraviolet rays.

Depending on the living conditions, these creatures have a different color of chitinous cover. So, there are sandy yellow, brown, black, gray, violet, orange, green and even colorless scorpions.

The creature has rather poor eyesight, although it has many eyes. So, in the upper part of the cephalothorax 2-8 organs of vision are located, moreover, two of them are larger and are called median.

The rest are located on the sides of the front edge of this part of the body and are called lateral. The visual impairment is completely compensated by the sense of touch, which is very acute.

In nature, there are several types of scorpions that differ in their size, color, habitat and life expectancy. They are imperial, woody, desert hairy, black and yellow thick-tailed and stripetal.

The scorpion's habitat is very wide, it can be found in almost all land areas except for some regions of the Arctic, Antarctica and New Zealand islands, however, it prefers warm, arid regions, therefore it is often called scorpion animal desert.

Scorpion character and lifestyle

Since this animal lives in arid zones, it is distinguished by its endurance to environmental conditions. It very easily tolerates heat, cold, hunger and even radiation.

To lower the body temperature, depending on the terrain, he buries himself in the ground or hides in stones or cools in an interesting way, which consists in taking a stand characterized by the fact that he straightens his legs to prevent the body from touching the ground. This position allows free circulation of air, which cools the body of the creature from all sides.

Important for life in such areas is the ability of a scorpion to do without fluid for several months. He easily makes up for it with the help of his victims. However, when the opportunity arises, he likes to drink water and swim in the dew.

Also, due to the special structure of the digestive system, the scorpion does not need regular nutrition. Although Scorpio pretty dangerous animalhowever, it is distinguished by its peaceful character. When a person approaches, the creature prefers to take refuge in nearby shelters, but attacks only in extreme cases.

The creature hunts at night, learning about the approach of prey by vibration captured by the hairs. Preparing for an attack, he assumes a threatening pose, characterized by bending the tail and waving it in different directions.Scorpio mostly leads a solitary lifestyle, very rarely when they gather in groups, so he finds his couple by a lucky chance.

Scorpion Nutrition

Which same animal scorpion on the basis of nutrition? Scorpio is a predator. Its main food is insects (spiders, millipedes, grasshoppers, cockroaches), however, it does not disdain small rodents, lizards and mice, there are often cases of "cannibalism" in which weaker relatives are eaten.

During the hunt, the creature grabs prey with claws and injections with a poisonous sting, first paralyzes it, and then kills it. As mentioned earlier, the creature does not eat every day.

Reproduction and life span of a scorpion

Finding a female, the male does not immediately mate with her. The couple preliminarily goes through the mating season, accompanied by the performance of the “wedding” dance, the duration of which takes hours. In time, the male, holding the female with the help of claws, moves it back and forth on the soil moistened with his sperm and periodically lowers it.

After mating, in which the female often eats the male, she has a pregnancy that lasts 10-12 months. Since the scorpion is an animal viviparous, this act of cannibalism provides a large number of nutrients needed to produce strong offspring.

After this period, cubs appear, the number of which varies from 20 to 40, depending on the variety. The first two weeks the babies do not have a chitinous shell, therefore they are always on the female’s back, snuggling tightly against each other.

In the photo is a scorpion with cubs on its back

As soon as the carapace is formed, the cubs leave their mother and scatter around the nearby territory for independent existence. They grow to an adult only after seven-fold molting.

Scorpio is characterized by a rather long period of life, which in natural conditions can reach 7-13 years, however, in captivity, which they poorly tolerate, it is significantly reduced.

What to do with a scorpion bite?

For a person, a scorpion bite in most cases is not fatal; it mainly causes unpleasant sensations that accompany such manifestations as sharp pain, bloating and redness of the skin around the wound. However, the poison of some species of these animals can be fatal.

Since not every one of us can identify which scorpion has bitten-dangerous or non-dangerous, it is necessary to immediately provide first aid. To do this, try to squeeze out or suck out the poison.

Treat the wound with antiseptic drugs, apply cold or apply a tight dressing that can slow the spread of poison. Apply antiallergic drugs. After first aid, be sure to deliver the victim to the hospital.

Despite the fact that the scorpion is quite dangerous, it has been interested in people since ancient times. Nowadays, it is increasingly possible to see him in people's homes, and he is also the main attribute in magic and witchcraft.

Watch the video: All about scorpions (April 2020).

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