Budgerigar - a bright and cheerful representative of birds
The most popular exotic bird for domestic use is the budgie, a vibrant and festive representative of Australia. Only there, on a distant continent, the whole colonies in the conditions of wildlife live the merry birds known throughout the world.
Favorite children and adults, chatty and noisy, domestic budgies create a special atmosphere by the manifestation of friendliness and bird curiosity. In communicating with them, excellent learning, an unpretentious character, a craving for affection and attention are manifested.
Budgerigar features and habitat
The genus of budgerigars got its name for its characteristic color with curved lines on the back, wings and head. Latin name Melopsittacus undulatus literally means "singing budgerigar".
Once upon a time, in natural conditions, the birds were green grassy in color with a yellowish plumage around the beak and throat. Thanks to the breeders, many shades have appeared: with blue, white, purple color.
Budgerigar feathers fluoresce under the influence of sunlight. In the dark, this property becomes noticeable. This feature plays a decisive role when choosing a partner for nesting.
Thin waves of the pattern from the head smoothly pass into thickened stripes on the tail. The sharpness of the lines appears brighter with budgerigar. In young individuals, the pattern begins from the waxwort, then, as the budgerigar grows older, a yellow mask appears on the head. An age sign is also a long tail stepped in shape. Young animals have shorter tails.
In general, the shape of the parrot is slim, beautiful. Body length on average up to 20 cm, tail, wing - up to 10 cm, weight 40-45 g. Paws are gray, with 4 fingers, two of them are bent back. Sharp claws help tenaciously hold objects.
The powerful beak is curved, like a large winged predator. It is very mobile, universally adapted for breaking off and chopping twigs, twigs, seeds, fruits of plants.
Beak birds carry pieces of food, many items. It helps to stay when climbing tree branches, and domestic budgerigars cling with their beak to the rods of a cage or the grid of an aviary.
At the base of the beak there is a wax with nasal openings. To the question how to determine the sex of a budgierecommend to look at her color. Violet or bright blue happens at budgie boybluish or brown - at budgerigar females.
The wings work only in flight, not accompanying in other movements. Parrots fly in an arcuate manner, like swallows. Confidently walk on the ground. Under natural conditions, budgies can only be found in Australia and the surrounding island territories. Although there they are widespread, like sparrows familiar to us, the number of living birds in captivity exceeds the number of natural inhabitants.
Large flocks, the number of which reaches several thousand individuals, constantly migrate in order to feed themselves. Grassy plains, where there are many seeds of plants, bushes in the savannah, eucalyptus trees attract birds. There are not enough food sites, parrots travel long distances to find food.
Character and lifestyle of a budgie
Budgies live well-organized communities. The birds know their duties, care about each other, clean their feathers to their brothers, observe the ceremonies of their colony. The friendly nature of the birds is in danger when they warn others about it.
In the morning, flocks of budgerigars fly to the water. Attachment to water procedures is a characteristic feature of birds. Rains do not spoil their life, they only increase active nesting.
Daytime passes in constant search of food. Little birds show perseverance and strength, overcoming long distances in the way. By evening, a place among the bushes and trees is chosen for the overnight stay of the flock.
Parrots are very active and curious in nature. Staying at home can be comfortable for them, if it is possible to fly at least once a day and communicate with other residents of the housing, both people and animals.
In the cage there should be objects occupying the bird: a mirror, rockers, bells. Parrots are responsive to any attention and affection, responding with a manifestation of trust and interest.
Parrot singing It resembles the chirping of sparrows, but it is multisound and weaves in itself a twitter with elements of imitation of the sounds heard. The ability of birds to switch to other people's trills and to sing in unison with feathered brothers is known.
The content of the budgerigar at home
The first parrots began to be brought to European homes from the first third of the 19th century. The unpretentiousness of birds, lively nature, low costs of care made them the most popular birds at home.Buy budgerigar Now it’s easy in any pet store.
Despite the simple rules of keeping, compliance with them is necessary to maintain the health and activity of budgies. It should be borne in mind that birds have their own needs:
- the cage should be spacious for moving the bird along the spreading wings;
- you need a lighted place with a shadow shelter from the bright sun, if the rays fall on the cage;
- There should be no batteries or heating elements nearby;
- the average temperature comfortable for birds is 20-24 ° C;
- parrots do not like drafts.
Caring for the cleanliness of the cell, proper feeding will ensure a healthy stay in your home budgies Care and attention will make pets the favorites of the family, especially children.
Many are attracted to birds to learn onomatopoeia. To do this, it is worth getting young parrots, not older than 5 months. It is recommended to buy from breeders. There, the chicks get used to the person transplanting them into cells.
They are less shy and better trained. Relocation is a stressful situation for crumbs. It will take time to adapt, get acquainted with new conditions. Learning ways how to teach a budgie speak or how to tame a budgie requires patience and a manifestation of love for the pet.
The birdhouse should be safe: windows covered with mosquito nets, no gratings and narrow slots into which the parrot can get out of curiosity and get stuck. Cases of death of birds from a heart attack after falling into random traps are known.
Hygiene of the cell, cleanliness of the feeders and drinking bowls are provided without the use of chemicals. A sufficient treatment can be rinsing with boiling water and chamomile infusion.
Talking budgerigar As a rule, it grows up in conditions where it gets very small and perceives a person as a caring mother, nursing and educating. Only daily communication and love for the pet give a result.
The diet of birds is diverse. The basis of the nutrition are grain mixtures of refined oats, millet, with the addition of mineral components. Budgerigars are fed with fruits, vegetables, berries, seasonal greens. Owners of domesticated birds need to pay attention to the quality of feed sold to prevent mold or debris.
You should know that there is a forbidden food for parrots, you can not give persimmons, mangoes, nuts, potatoes, dairy products, meat, tops of tomatoes, peppers, green onions, dill. Greens should be seasonal and thoroughly washed in running water.
Dangerous for feathered flower bouquets. It is better to keep them in other rooms so that curiosity does not destroy the pet. To strengthen the body with calcium, parrots need to add chalk, organic sand (sepia), mineral stones. Inorganic sand is categorically unacceptable in the feed of parrots.
Grain cereals from buckwheat, rice, millet, corn grits, and barley complement the diet. Salt and sugar should not be in them. Instant cereals are not suitable, only cooked in the traditional way. Parrots can even be offered cereals steamed with boiling water.
It happens that the feed ceases to interest the pet. Why is the budgerigar Eats nothing, you can ask your veterinarian. Perhaps an enlarged growth on the beak is interfering. It is removed, and henceforth a piece of chalk is put into the cage to grind off the beak. The parrot does it himself.
Reproduction and longevity of a budgie
In natural conditions, birds breed year-round, in a period of favorable seasonal conditions. Nesting sites are located near the water. For shelving and hatching eggs budgies choose hollow trees or crevices in the rocks.
Litter and wood chips are litter. The number of eggs is usually from 2 to 6, but sometimes up to 12 pieces. The female hatches the offspring up to 20 days, and the male feeds her during this period.
Budgies appear blind and naked. The first 10 days they are completely helpless, depending on the care of their parents. Then eyes open, and a month after the completion of the plumage, the parrots are ready to leave the nest. Intergenerational communication is finally broken a few days after their departure.
In nature, the life of birds is short, does not exceed 5-6 years due to many dangers for these fragile creatures. Captive conditions ensure feed availability and minimal infections. Therefore, the budgerigar can live up to 10-15 years, delighting the owners with bright colors and sonorous singing.