Probably, every aquarist has a desire to decorate his artificial pond with various and original representatives, which include corals for an aquarium. But it is worth noting that their breeding is associated with certain difficulties that an experienced aquarist can not always cope with, not to mention a beginner.
It is worth noting that the first enthusiasts who wished to place corals in their vessels had to find out about the intricacies of their contents on their own experience. But years passed by trial and error, it was possible to obtain a certain empirical idea of both breeding and breeding of these invertebrates. But although certain types of corals remain out of reach, a certain group has been formed that is available for breeding in an artificial reservoir. And it is precisely such species that will be discussed in today's article.
Coral in the aquarium
As a rule, when planning to create a marine artificial pond in their premises, almost every aquarist has the idea of recreating a real coral reef. But before embarking on the implementation of your plan, you need to determine exactly what a coral reef is and what the corals themselves are. So, on a global scale, the basis of any reef is made up of repressive corals, represented by various intestinal animals. In addition, quite often corals are also called other colonial intestinal cavity marine inhabitants that do not have a rigid skeleton.Madrepore corals
But in an artificial reservoir, there is a fairly simple division of corals into soft and hard, which differ in both nutrition and content. That is why it is so important, before introducing new types of intestinal cavity, for example, madrepore corals, into the aquarium, it is necessary to clarify their belonging to one of the above types so that their further maintenance does not cause any difficulties. So, soft ones are pretty easy to care for, which cannot be said about maderepore corals.
Types of Soft Corals
With due dexterity and, of course, a desire in the aquarium, you can not only get an analogue of a reef from corals, but also surpass it by using special decorative ornaments. So, for beginner aquarists it is recommended to start with zoantaria, as the simplest corals both in care and in reproduction.Zoantaria
The appearance and color shade of these intestinal cavities largely depends on their habitat in the natural environment. It is also especially worth noting that the well-developed tentacles of the zoantaria, due to which the nutrition of corals may not depend on photosynthesis, but can completely do with eating plankton. It is worth noting that this feature of them is very important for beginner aquarists, as it greatly facilitates their maintenance, without requiring additional installation of expensive metal halide lighting, which is simply necessary for caring for more serious species of these intestinal animals, such as, for example, madrepore corals.
It is also worth emphasizing that feeding of zoantaria can be carried out with a special homogeneous mixture, which includes:
- Various supplements and vitamins.
But remember that feeding this mixture should be done only using a syringe, releasing it into the aquatic environment near the place of coral. If the content of zoantaria does not cause any difficulties and they do not die and their active reproduction occurs, then this means that you can try to breed more complex species of soft corals.
Alcyonaria and mushroom-shaped coralsAlcyonaria
As a rule, care for alcyonaria requires more intense lighting. It is also considered an ideal option if coral chips are used as soil. The high popularity of these intestinal animals lies in the rather quick (1-2 months) creation of a magnificent landscape of coral reef. In addition, it is especially worth noting their high unpretentiousness in care. All that is needed for them is the excellent quality of the aquatic environment, the presence of activated carbon in the filter and, as mentioned above, good lighting.Mushroom coral
A good option for placement in the aquarium are mushroom-shaped corals. So, placing them on the course, with their constant stirring they will create a picture of the deep underwater world, mesmerizing in its beauty. It is worth noting that owners of brown-brown colors are recommended to be placed in well-lit areas, and multi-colored - in shaded.
As well as for alcioarians, special attention should be paid to ensuring that live soil is present in the artificial pond, or as it is also called coral chips. In addition, there are special recommendations for the placement of soil in an aquarium with soft corals. So the coral chips should be located in a rather thick layer, thereby forming a deep bed of sand, in which important microbiological processes will continue to occur. A good solution would be to place near the coral and the so-called living stones, the amount of which should not exceed 25% of the total artificial reservoir.
And only after the reproduction and care of this type of coral becomes commonplace, you can think about breeding hard, bright representative of which are maderepore corals.
Madrepore hard corals
Not every experienced aquarist can master the breeding and reproduction of this type of intestinal animals. The thing is that they require a completely different approach to themselves than the soft ones. As a rule, they must be placed in an already ripened artificial reservoir, where the level of nitrates and phosphates is extremely close to 0. Also, special attention should be paid to:
- water quality;
- lighting brightness;
- current intensity;
- the correct ratio of calcium to magnesium.
Today, madrepore corals are represented in the aquarium by various species, but the most popular are:
- Coral brain.
Important! Reproduction of hard corals directly depends on a high level of environmental comfort.
It is also worth remembering that the coral crumb used as soil is an indispensable condition for the placement of these intestinal cavities.
Those who, at least once engaged in diving in the Indo-Pacific region, must have been struck by the incredible beauty of the fire corals growing there, or as they are also called distichopor. But even though they have a rigid exoskeleton, these are not maderepore corals. In artificial reservoirs, fire coral is a very rare guest because of its high demand for care.Fire coral
In addition to the fact that they need coral crumb as soil, they also need to constantly monitor the temperature regime, the presence of necessary trace elements in water and carry out additional feeding. Maderepore corals breed in residues of organic origin at the bottom of the vessel. Therefore, it is so important to periodically turn the soil.
Artificial coralsArtificial corals
The beauty of corals is so amazing that their active use as a decor of artificial reservoirs is not surprising. But, due to the complexity of the maintenance, many aquarists begin to use artificial corals in order to recreate the natural habitat for most of the vessel's inhabitants in their premises.
In addition to ease of care, artificial corals have other advantages. So made from synthetics, they are able to remain in their original form for many years. And this is not to mention:
- high environmental friendliness;
- soft stuccuture that does not damage the glass of the reservoir;
It is also worth noting a wide selection of all kinds of colors and shapes. So, thanks to the combination of several types, you can create simply incredibly exciting compositions that will leave an indelible mark on everyone who pays attention to them.
The only thing worth noting is that before acquiring artificial corals, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with photographs of live reefs, paying particular attention to their shades and shapes. Also, do not oversaturate the aquarium with such a decor. An ideal solution would be their dosed application.
Tips for purchasing coral in an aquarium
Thinking about acquiring corals in your artificial pond, the first thing you need to do is to create the appropriate stable ecological balance in it. So, as a soil, coral chips are best suited, not clay or sand. Corals themselves are recommended to be bought in specialized pet stores and complete with small particles of substrate.
Practice shows that such an approach will significantly increase viability. Further, after the purchase of this intestinal cavity, it is best to place it on the pebble where it grows. In many stores, you can often find selling corals with torn substrates. Such a purchase will bring much more difficulties for both the beginner and the experienced aquarist. So, the acquired coral immediately needs to be attached to the pebble to make it possible to further reproduce it and significantly increase its survival.
It is advisable to attach the intestinal with a special glue. But even such an approach cannot guarantee the further successful development of corals. That is why it is strongly discouraged to make hasty purchases from unverified sellers. It is worth considering that corals require a special reverent attitude, and only after receiving it, they will reciprocate.