Russian-European Laika (Eng. Russo-European Laika) is a breed of hunting dogs from the northern regions of Russia and Europe. Received in 1944 from various varieties of huskies.
At the end of the XIX century and at the beginning of the XX century, even remote areas of Siberia were explored and partially populated. Local tribes that used to live in isolation began to disappear under unusual pressure.
Their huskies, which were previously purebred and isolated, began to mix with each other and with other breeds.
By 1930, only in remote areas of Komi and the Northern Urals could thoroughbred huskies be found. However, they ceased to be assistants to hunters, and became ordinary village dogs, which were kept more on a chain.
Realizing that it was so close to extinction, inveterate hunters from Moscow and Leningrad began to buy those huskies that they could reach. These huskies were collected from different regions and the result was a hodgepodge, in which there were: Arkhangelsk, Zyryan, Karelian, Votyak, Vogul, Khantey and other likes.
All these dogs were divided mainly by habitat, but were combined into a single breed, which today we know as Russian-European Laika or REL.
Although all these dogs, as a rule, were very similar and did not differ significantly: in terms of the length of their faces, the size of their ears, their constitution or color.
Their crossbreeding was beneficial, as it introduced genetic diversity and good health, and the appearance of the dogs could be standardized.
Initially, the number of black and white huskies was small, since the main colors were red and gray. A very heavy blow to the breed was dealt by the blockade of Leningrad. There are not even cats left in the city, not like dogs. And the war itself did not spare them, so by the end of the breed was on the verge of extinction.
Again, hunters take out dogs from the North of the USSR and in 1944 work begins on the restoration of the breed. The center of this work was the All-Union Research Institute of Hunting and Animal Breeding, led the program Shereshevsky E. I.
The male dog named Putik becomes the standard of the breed, black and white, and by 1960 most RELs are already black and white.
Modern Russian-European husky retains the features of native breeds of dogs. This is a compact, muscular dog, strong and dry. Dogs at the withers reach 52-58 cm, females 50-56 cm. Weigh 18-23 kg.
The coat color is black-pied or white with black, it is stiff and straight, with a well-developed undercoat.
On the chest, it forms a mane, which is significantly more pronounced in males. On the tail, it is somewhat longer, but does not form tows.
Russian-European husky is very smart, attached to the owner and his family. She does not like strangers and is wary or detached, does not allow herself to be stroked by a stranger.
Territorial in nature, they bark at strangers if they encroach on their land and try to drive them off, biting their teeth and rearing their hair. However, if they are not threatened, then the teeth are not allowed to move.
One of the most impressive qualities of the character of REL is her love for the owner. If she chose her master, she loves him all his life. Puppies or adult dogs that were given to other families were often put on a chain, as they tried to escape to the previous owner.
Alive and lively, she constantly patrols her territory and barks about the appearance of strangers, dogs, cars, strange sounds. On the hunt, huskies voice indicate the beast climbed a tree. This can annoy your neighbors.
If someone else's dog wanders into the husky territory, then the dog acts aggressively. If the dogs grow together, then they get along peacefully with each other, provided that the leading roles are determined in the svor.
New dogs should be brought very carefully into such a pack, as fights for leadership may begin and some may remain enemies for life.
Strength, dexterity and courage of a husky allow you to enter into a fight with any opponent and get out of it as a winner.
Unlike other breeds, they do not kill a defeated dog, but use a fight as a means of sorting out relationships with each other. If the enemy surrendered, then they will not pursue him.
This is an aggressive and skillful hunting dog, so you should not expect a good attitude from other animals from it. They ignore cattle, have lived next to it for so long, but small animals such as cats or ferrets are pursued with enthusiasm.
REL has a thick double coat, and taking care of it requires effort and time. Usually they molt twice a year, at this time the dog needs to be combed more often, otherwise the wool will cover the whole house.
Otherwise, they are unpretentious and husky care is no different from caring for other breeds of dogs.
One of the healthiest dogs is virtually unaffected by the genetic diseases that purebred dogs are prone to. They live up to 13 years, but most often die on the hunt.