American Eskimo Spitz or Eskimo Dog (English Eskimo Dog) is a breed of dog, despite the name is not related to America. They are derived from German Spitz in Germany and come in three sizes: one, miniature and standard.
- They do not require grooming or haircuts, however, if you decide to cut the Eskimo dog, then remember that they have very sensitive skin.
- Claws should be trimmed as they grow, usually every 4-5 weeks. Check the cleanliness of the ears more often and make sure that no infection leads to inflammation.
- Eski is a happy, active and smart dog. She needs a lot of activity, games, walks, otherwise you will get a bored dog that will constantly bark and bite objects
- They need to be with their family, do not leave them alone for long.
- Either you are a leader, or she rules you. There is no third.
- They get along well with children, but their playfulness and activity can scare very young children.
Initially, the American Eskimo Spitz was created as a guard dog, for the protection of property and people, and by its nature it is territorial and sensitive. Not aggressive, they bark loudly at strangers approaching their possessions.
In northern Europe, small Spitz gradually turned into different types of German Spitz, and German emigrants took them with them to the USA. At the same time, white colors were not welcomed in Europe, but became popular in America. And in the wake of patriotism that arose at the beginning of the First World War, owners began to call their dogs American, not German Spitz.
On what wave the name of the breed appeared, it will remain a mystery. Apparently, this is a purely commercial trick to attract attention to the breed and pass off as a native American. They have nothing to do with the Eskimos or the northern dog breeds.
After the end of the First World War, these dogs attract the attention of the public, as they begin to be used in circuses. In 1917, the Cooper Brothers' Railroad Circus circus launches a show featuring these dogs. In 1930, a dog named Stout's Pal Pierre walks along a tightened rope under a dome, which adds to their popularity.
Eskimo dogs are very popular as circus dogs in those years, and many modern dogs could find their ancestors in photographs of those years.
After the Second World War, the breed’s popularity does not decrease; a Japanese Spitz, which is crossed with an American, is brought from Japan.
For the first time these dogs were registered under the name American Eskimo dog in early 1919, at the American Kennel Club, and the first documented history of the breed in 1958.
At that time there were no clubs, not even a breed standard, and all similar dogs were recorded as one breed.
In 1970, the National American Eskimo Dog Association (NAEDA) was organized and similar registrations ceased. In 1985, the American Eskimo Dog Club of America (AEDCA) united amateurs who wanted to join the AKC. Through the efforts of this organization, the breed was registered with the American Kennel Club in 1995.
American Eskimo Spitz is not recognized in other world organizations. For example, owners in Europe who want to take part in a show have to register dogs as German Spitz.
However, this does not mean that they are the same. Despite little fame outside the United States, they developed domestically in their own country and today German Spitz breeders import these dogs to expand the gene pool of their breed.
In addition to the species typical of Spitz, Eskimo are small or medium in size, compact and solid. There are three sizes of these dogs: toy, miniature and standard. Miniature at the withers 30-38, that 23-30 cm, standard over 38 cm, but no more than 48. Their weight varies according to size.
Regardless of which group the Eskimo Spitz belongs to, they all look the same.
Since all Spitzs have dense hair, Eskimo is no exception. The undercoat is dense and thick, the outer hair is longer and stiffer. The coat should be straight and not curl or curl. On the neck it forms a mane, on the muzzle it is shorter. A pure white color is preferred, but white with cream is also acceptable.
Spitz dogs were bred to guard property, like guard dogs. They are territorial and attentive, but not aggressive. Their task is to raise the alarm with their loud voice, they can be trained to stop on command, but they rarely do it.
Thus, American Eskimo dogs are not the watchmen who rush at the thief, but those who run for help, barking loudly. In this they are good and approach work with all seriousness, and in order to deal with it they do not need to undergo training.
You must understand that they like to bark, and if they do not learn to stop, they will do it often and for a long time. And their voice is clear and high. Think about whether your neighbors will like it? If not, then lead to the trainer, teach the dog a command - quietly.
They are smart and if you start learning early, they quickly understand when you need to bark, when not. And they suffer from boredom and a good trainer teach her not to be destructive at this time. It is very desirable that the puppy be left alone for a short time, get used to it and know that you have not abandoned it forever.
Given their developed mind and a great desire to please, training is easy, American Spitz often earn high marks in obedience competitions.
But, the mind means that they quickly get used to and begin to get bored, and can even manipulate the owner. They will test the limits of what is permitted on you, checking what is possible and what is not, what will pass, and for what they will receive.
American Spitz, being small, suffers from the syndrome of a small dog, she thinks that she can do everything or a lot and will regularly check the owner. Here their mentality comes to the rescue, since they understand the hierarchy of the pack. The leader must put the presumptuous in place, then they are obedient.
And since the Eskimo Spitz is small and cute, the owners forgive them for something that they would not forgive a large dog. If you do not establish a positive, but firm leadership, they will consider themselves the main ones in the house.
As already mentioned, training should begin as early as possible in their life, as well as proper socialization. Introduce the puppy to new people, places, things, feelings to help him find his place in this world.
Such acquaintances will help her to grow up a friendly and well-mannered dog, help to understand who is her own and who is a stranger, and not to respond to everyone in a row. Otherwise, they will bark at all, both people and dogs, especially those who are larger than them.
They get along well with other dogs and cats, but remember about the syndrome of a small dog, they will try to dominate there.
Eskimo spitz are well suited for keeping in an apartment, but a house with a fenced yard is ideal for them. It's just that they are very, very energetic and you should be prepared for this. They need games and movement to maintain health, if their activity is limited, then they miss, fall into stress and depression. This is expressed in destructive behavior, and in addition to barking, you get a machine to destroy everything and everything.
It is ideal to walk the American Spitz twice a day, while letting him run and play. They love the family, and contact with people is very important for them, so any activity is welcome.
With children, they behave well and very carefully. Still, because they have similar favorite activities, these are games and running around. Just keep in mind that they can accidentally knock down a child, hold him during the game, and very little such actions can scare. Introduce them to each other a little and carefully.
In general, the American Eskimo dog is smart and loyal, fast to learn, easy to train, positive and energetic. With the right upbringing, approach and socialization, it will suit both single people and families with children.
Wool falls regularly throughout the year, but twice a year the dogs molt. If you exclude these periods, then the coat of the American Spitz is quite easy to care for.
It is enough to comb it twice a week to prevent the formation of tangles and reduce the amount of wool lying around your house.