Not so long ago, only spur frogs were kept in aquariums. These frogs are neither expensive nor whimsical.
Young Spur frogs are very cute and harmless, but, growing up, they turn into large frogs, which are rather problematic to keep together with fish, only professional aquarists can cope with such work.
But there is a species of African frogs - hymenochiruses. These frogs are elegant and beautiful. A couple of years ago in Russia nothing was known about these truly aquarium frogs. But today they are becoming increasingly popular in aquariums.
Appearance of hymenochirusesDwarf claw-bearer (Hymenochirus).
Hymenochiruses, like the Spur frog, belong to the pipidae family, but they have membranes on the front legs, between the fingers. It is from here that the name came from, since "hymenochiruses" are translated as "skin-handed" or "hymenopods".
These frogs are very small - adults do not exceed 3.5-4 centimeters in length. Even in comparison with young Spur frogs, hymenochiruses have a more slender body, graceful shapes, long limbs, and the muzzle is pointed.Females of hymenohiruses are larger than males.
Females of hymeno-viruses are, as a rule, slightly larger than males, and in the breeding season the sides of the females become round. But it is difficult to distinguish the sex of these frogs, especially in young individuals.
Life of hymenochiruses in aquariums
Gimenokhirusy - real underwater inhabitants, they can not leave the water all their life, they do not have to get out to land. But do not think that they can not get out of the aquarium, even as they can. Therefore, aquariums with hymenochiruses close well.Hymenochirus is an underwater frog.
In nature, these frogs live in small swamps with well-heated water. Water is not always clean. In an aquarium, hymenochiruses are kept at a temperature of 20-24 degrees. If the water is colder, then frogs have an increased risk of various diseases.
Since in nature they live in dirty water, in captivity they are not too demanding on water quality. Water not only does not need to be replaced often, but not even desirable. But aeration must be present, while it is necessary to equip a stagnant angle in which there will be no current.Gimenokhirusy perfectly feel comfortable even in small-sized aquariums.
The size of the aquarium is not very important, these frogs feel quite comfortable even in three-liter jars. But if the apartment is cold, then in such a small aquarium it will be difficult to maintain the required temperature.
Gimenochirus feedingFor hymenochiruses, a comfortable temperature is important.
These frogs can be fed with any live food that is suitable for fish, for example, a tubifex and bloodworm. Hymenochiruses, like all amphibians, react to movement, so they do not show much interest in motionless food. But, nevertheless, some aquarists feed their pets exclusively dry or frozen food. Nevertheless, it is worth considering that these frogs at all stages of development are predators.
Neighborhood of hymenochiruses with other aquarium inhabitantsIn general, hymenochiruses are unpretentious amphibians.
Since these frogs are small and calm in nature, they get along well with various medium-sized and non-predatory fish. In the general aquarium, hymenochiruses slowly swim, and if they scare them, they immediately try to hide at the bottom. Therefore, it is worth taking care of the presence of shelters, for example, flower pots or hollow snags.
Breeding these frogs is no different from breeding aquarium fish. To stimulate reproduction, the temperature of the water is raised to 26-28 degrees, partially replace the water or increase the illumination.A dwarf claw-bearer is a resident of the aquarium.
In spawning, the water level should not be less than 20 centimeters. The couple has mating games, frogs describe vertical circles in the water, as many peep ones do. The shell of the eggs is gelatinous, so they float on the surface of the water. One female brings from 20 to 200 eggs, and in rare cases, there may be 500 pieces. After the female lays eggs, it is recommended that adults be planted.
After 2 days, tadpoles hatch, whose body length does not exceed 3 millimeters. For several days, the tadpoles sit, attaching to the walls of the aquarium or plants, sometimes they can hang in the water. When the tadpoles begin to swim, they should be fed. They are fed the same as the fish fry - rotifers and ciliates.
After about a month, metamorphosis occurs in the tadpoles. Sexual maturity in gimenokhirusov comes at a year old. And life expectancy reaches 5 years.